1. Which poem ends ‘I shall but love thee better after death’?
a. How do I love thee
b. Ode to a Grecian urn
c. In faith I do not love thee with mine eyes
d. Let me not to the marriage of true
2. Which poet is considered a national hero in Greece?
a. John keats
b. Lord Byron
3. Which kind of poem is Edward Lear associated with?
4. In coleridge’s poem ‘The rime of the Ancient Mariner’where were the three gallants going?
a. A funeral
b. A wedding
d. To the races
5. Harold Nicholson described which poet as ‘Very yellow and glum. Perfect manners’?
a. e. e. Cummings
b. T. S. Elliot
c. John Greenleaf Whittier
d. Walt Whitman
6. What was strange about Emily Dickinson?
a. She rarely left home
b. She wrote in code
c. She never attempted to publish her poetry
d. She wrote her poems in invisible ink
7. Rupert Brooke wrote his poetry during which conflict?
a. Boer War
b. Second World War
c. Korean War
d. First World War
8. Which Poet Laureate wrote about a church mouse?
9. Which American writer published ‘A brave and startling truth’ in 1996
a. Robert Hass
b. Jessica Hagdorn
c. Maya Angelou
d. Micheal Palmer
10. Who wrote about the idyllic ‘Isle of Innisfree’?
a. Dylan Thomas
b. Ezra Pound
c. W. B. Yeats
d. e. e. cummings
11. A pattern of accented and unaccented syllables in lines of poetry
1. rhyme scheme
12. The repetition of similar ending sounds
13. Applying human qualities to non-human things
14. The repetition of beginning consonant sounds
15. A comparison of unlike things without using a word of comparison such as like or as
16. The comparison of unlike things using the words like or as
17. Using words or letters to imitate sounds
18. a description that appeals to one of the five senses
19. A poem that tells a story with plot, setting, and characters
2. free verse
20. A poem with no meter or rhyme
2. free verse
21. A poem that generally has meter and rhyme
2. free verse
22. Sylvia Plath married which English poet?
23. Carl Sandburg ‘Planked whitefish’ contains what kind of imagery?
a. Sea scenes
b. Rural Idyll
d. Innocent childhood
24. Which influential American poet was born in Long Island in 1819?
a. Emily Dickinson
b. Paul Dunbar
c. John Greenleaf Whittier
d. Walt Whitman
25. In 1960 ‘The Colossus’ was the first book of poems published by which poetess?
a. Elizabeth Bishop
b. Sylvia Plath
c. Marianne Moore
d. Laura Jackson
26. In his poem Kipling said ‘If you can meet with triumph and . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ‘?
27. Which of the following is not a literary device used for aesthetic effect in poetry?
28. True or false: Writing predates poetry.
29. What is the earliest surviving European poem?
a. The Homeric epic
b. The Gilgamesh epic
c. The Deluge epic
d. The Hesiodic ode
30. Which of the following is not a poetic tradition?
a. The Epic
b. The Comic
c. The Occult
d. The Tragic
31. What is the study of poetry’s meter and form called?
32. Shakespeare composed much of his plays in what sort of verse?
a. Alliterative verse
b. Sonnet form
c. Iambic pentameter
d. Dactylic hexameter
33. Which poet invented the concept of the variable foot in poetry?
a. William Carlos Williams
b. Emily Dickinson
c. Gerard Manly Hopkins
d. Robert Frost
34. Who wrote this famous line: ‘Shall I compare thee to a summer’s day/ Thou art more lovely
and more temperate…’
a. TS Eliot
b. Lord Tennyson
c. Charlotte Bronte
35. From what century does the poetic form the folk ballad date?
a. The 12th
b. The 14th
c. The 17th
d. The 19th
36. From which of Shakespeare’s plays is this famous line: ‘Did my heart love til now?/ Forswear
it, sight/ For I never saw a true beauty until this night’
a. A Midsummer Night’s Dream
d. Romeo and Juliet
37. What is a poem called whose first letters of each line spell out a word?
38. Auld Lang Syne is a famous poem by whom?
a. Sir Walter Scott
b. William Butler Yeats
c. Henry Longfellow
d. Robert Burns
39. How has Stephen Dunn been described in ‘the Oxford Companion to 20th Century Poetry?
a. A poet of middleness
b. Capturing a sense of spiritual marooness
c. One of the leading prairie poets
d. Has some distinction as a critic
40. ‘The Cambridge school’ refers to a group who emerged when?
a. The 1900’s
b. The 1960’s
c. The 1920’s
d. The 1930’s
41. Margaret Atwood was born in which Canadian city?
42. Which of the following words describe the prevailing attitude of High-Modern Literature?
e.Both a & c
43. Which Welsh poet wrote “Under Milk Wood?”
44. Who wrote Canterbury Tales?
d.King Richard II
45. Who wrote “The Hound of the Baskervilles?”
c.P D James
d.Arthur Conan Doyle
46. Wlliam Shakespeare is not the author of:
b.Taming of the Shrew
47. ___________is a late 20th century play written by a woman?
48. Which of the following writers wrote historical novels?
a.Jane Austen and Charlotte Bronte
b.Sir Walter Scott and Maria Edgeworth
c.William Wordsworth and Samuel Taylor Coleridge
d.Mary Shelley and Percy Bysshe Shelley
49. Who wrote “Ten Little Niggers?”
a.Sir Arthur Conan Doyle
d.None of above
50. Which of the following are Thomas Hardy books?
a.The Poor Man and the Lady
b.The Return of Native
d.None of the above
51. Which of the following is not a work of John Keats?
b.To some ladies
d.None of above
52. Who wrote the poems, “On death” and “Women, Wine, and Snuff?”
53. “Of Man’s first disobedience, and the fruit Of that forbidden tree whose mortal taste Brought
death into the world, and all our woe, With loss of Eden.”
This is an extract from:
54. William Shakespeare was born in the year:
55. Which of the following is not a Shakespeare tragedy?
e.None of the above
56. Who wrote ‘The Winter’s Tale?’
a.George Bernard Shaw
57. What is the difference between a simile and a metaphor?
a) No difference. Simply two different ways in referring to the same thing.
b) A simile is more descriptive.
c) A simile uses as or like to make a comparison and a metaphor doesn’t.
d) A simile must use animals in the comparison.
58. What is the word for a “play on words”?
59. Which represents an example of alliteration?
a) Language Arts
b) Peter Piper Picked Peppers
c) I like music.
d) A beautiful scenery with music
60. What is the imitation of natural sounds in word form?
61. The theme is …?
a) a plot.
b) an character
c) an address
d) the point a writer is trying to make about a subject.
62. Concentrate on these elements when writing a good poem.
a) characters, main idea, and theme
b) purpose and audience
c) theme, purpose, form, and mood.
d) rhyme and reason
63. Which is not a poetry form?
64. Which is an example of a proverb?
a) Get a “stake” in our business.
b) You can’t have your cake and eat it, too
c) The snow was white as cotton.
d) You’re driving me crazy.
65. Which is an exaggeration?
66. Which of the following is not a poet?
a) William Shakespeare
b) Terry Saylor
c) Elizabeth B. Browning
d) Emily Dickinson
67. Who has defined ‘poetry’ as a fundamental creative act using languages?
a. H. W. Longfellow
b. Ralph Waldo Emerson
c. Dylan Thomas
d. William Wordsworth
68. What is a sonnet?
a. A poem of six lines
b. A poem of eight lines
c. A poem of twelve lines
d. A poem of fourteen lines
69. What is study of meter, rhythm and intonation of a poem called as?
70. Which figure of speech is it when a statement is exaggerated in a poem?
71. There was aware of her true love, at length come riding by – This is a couplet from the
Bailiff’s Daughter of Islington. What figure of speech is used by the poet?
72. Which culture is known for their long, rhymic poetic verses known as Qasidas?
73. Complete this Shakespearan line – Let me not to the marriage of true minds bring:
74. Which of the following is a Japanese poetic form?
75. What is the title of the poem that begins thus – ‘What is this life, if full of care, we have no
time to stand and stare’?
76. Which of the following is not an English poet (i. e. from England)?
a. Victor Hugo
b. Alexander Pope
c. John Milton
d. Samuel Taylor Coleridge
77. Who was often called as the Romantic Poet as most of his poems revolved around nature?
a. William Blake
b. William Shakespeare
c. William Morris
d. William Wordsworth
78. What is a funny poem of five lines called?
79. How did W. H. Auden describe poetry?
a. An awful way to earn a living
b. A game of knowledge
c. The soul exposed
d. An explosion of language
80. Sassoon and Brooke wrote what kind of poetry?
a. Light verse
c. Political satire
d. War poems
81. Where did T. S. Eliot spend most of his childhood?
b. St Louis
82. Ted Hughes was married to which American poetess?
a. Carolyn Kizer
b. Mary Oliver
c. Sylvia Plath
d. Marianne Moore
83. How old was Rupert Brooke at the time of his death?
84. In what form did Dylan Thomas’s ‘Under Milk Wood’ first become known?
a. Book of poetry
b. A radio play
c. A stage play
d. a short film
85. The magazine ‘Contemporary Poetry and Prose’ was inspired by which exhibition?
a. The Festival of Britain
b. The Surrealist Exhibition
c. People of the 20th Century
d. Drawing the 20th CEntury
86. Why did ‘Poetry Quarterly’ cease publication in 1953?
a. Owner convicted of fraud
b. Fall in Sales
c. Rise in taxation on magazines
d. Shortage of paper
87. Aldous Huxley was a poet, but was better known as what?
88. Of which poet was it said ‘Even if he’s not a great poet, he’s certainly a great something’?
89.which of these is magnum opus of chaucer?
A. Troilus and Criseyde
b. House of fame
c. The canterbury tales
d. Parliament of fowls.
90.in which language the stories of canterbury tale are written?
c. Middle english
91.chaucer’s franklin was guilty of which sin?
92. How many languages did chaucer know?
93.from which language the name ”chaucer” has been driven?
94. Where did chaucer bury?
c.chapel at windsor
95.chaucer was imprisoned during———————-?
A.hundred years’ war
b. Black death
c. Peasant revolt
96 .how many children chaucer had?
97. Which people began their invasion and conquest of southwestern Britain around 450?
a) the Normans
b) the Geats
c) the Celts
d) the Anglo-Saxons
e) the Danes
98. Words from which language began to enter English vocabulary around the time of the
Norman Conquest in 1066?
99. Which hero made his earliest appearance in Celtic literature before becoming a staple subject
in French, English, and German literatures?
d) Augustine of Canterbury
100. Toward the close of which century did English replace French as the language of conducting
business in Parliament and in court of law?
101. Which king began a war to enforce his claims to the throne of France in 1336?
a) Henry II
b) Henry III
c) Henry V
d) Louis XIV
e) Edward III
102. Who would be called the English Homer and father of English poetry?
b) Sir Thomas Malory
c) Geoffrey Chaucer
e) John Gower
103. What was vellum?
a) parchment made of animal skin
b) the service owed to a lord by his peasants (“villeins”)
c) unrhymed iambic pentameter
d) an unbreakable oath of fealty
e) a prized ink used in the illumination of prestigious manuscripts
104. Only a small proportion of medieval books survive, large numbers having been destroyed in:
a) the Anglo-Saxon Conquest beginning in the 1450s.
b) the Norman Conquest of 1066.
c) the Peasant Uprising of 1381.
d) the Dissolution of the Monasteries in the 1530s.
e) the wave of contempt for manuscripts that followed the beginning of printing in 1476.
105. What is the first extended written specimen of Old English?
a) Boethius’s Consolidation of Philosophy
b) Saint Jerome’s translation of the Bible
c) Malory’s Morte Darthur
d) Bede’s Ecclesiastical History of the English People
e) a code of laws promulgated by King Ethelbert
106. Who was the first English Christian king?
b) Richard III
c) Richard II
d) Henry II
107. In Anglo-Saxon heroic poetry, what is the fate of those who fail to observe the sacred duty
of blood vengeance?
a) banishment to Asia
b) everlasting shame
c) conversion to Christianity
d) mild melancholia
e) being buried alive
108. Christian writers like the Beowulf poet looked back on their pagan ancestors with:
a) nostalgia and ill-concealed envy.
b) bewilderment and visceral loathing.
c) admiration and elegiac sympathy.
d) bigotry and shallow triumphalism.
e) the deepest reluctance.
109. The use of “whale-road”for sea and “life-house”for body are examples of what literary
technique, popular in Old English poetry?
e) appositive expression
110. Which of the following statements is not an accurate description of Old English poetry?
a) Romantic love is a guiding principle of moral conduct.
b) Its formal and dignified use of speech was distant from everyday use of language.
c) Irony is a mode of perception, as much as it was a figure of speech.
d) Christian and pagan ideals are sometimes mixed.
e) Its idiom remained remarkably uniform for nearly three centuries.
111. Which of the following best describes litote, a favorite rhetorical device in Old English
a) embellishment at the service of Christian doctrine
b) repetition of parallel syntactic structures
c) ironic understatement
d) stress on every third diphthong
e) a compound of two words in place of a single word
112. How did Henry II, the first of England’s Plantagenet kings, acquire vast provinces in
a) the Battle of Hastings
b) Saint Patrick’s mission
c) the Fourth Lateran Council
d) the execution of William Sawtre
e) his marriage to Eleanor of Aquitaine
113. Which of the following languages did not coexist in Anglo-Norman England?
114. Which twelfth-century poet or poets were indebted to Breton storytellers for their narratives?
a) Geoffrey Chaucer
b) Marie de France
c) Chrétien de Troyes
d) a and c only
e) b and c only
115. To what did the word the roman, from which the genre of “romance”emerged, initially
a) a work derived from a Latin text of the Roman Empire
b) a story about love and adventure
c) a Roman official
d) a work written in the French vernacular
e) a series of short stories
116. Popular English adaptations of romances appealed primarily to
a) the royal family and upper orders of the nobility
b) the lower orders of the nobility
c) agricultural laborers
d) the clergy
e) the Welsh
117. What is the climax of Geoffrey of Monmouth’s The History of the Kings of Britain?
a) the reign of King Arthur
b) the coronation of Henry II
c) King John’s seal of the Magna Carta
d) the marriage of Henry II to Eleanor of Aquitaine
e) the defeat of the French by Henry V
118. Ancrene Riwle is a manual of instruction for
a) courtiers entering the service of Richard II
b) translators of French romances
c) women who have chosen to live as religious recluses
d) knights preparing for their first tournament
e) witch-hunters and exorcists
119. The styles of The Owl and the Nightingale and Ancrene Riwle show what about the poetry
and prose written around the year 1200?
a) They were written for sophisticated and well-educated readers.
b) Writing continued to benefit only readers fluent in Latin and French.
c) Their readers’ primary language was English.
d) a and c only
e) a and b only
120. In addition to Geoffrey Chaucer and William Langland, the “flowering”of Middle English
literature is evident in the works of which of the following writers?
a) Geoffrey of Monmouth
b) the Gawain poet
c) the Beowulf poet
d) Chrétien de Troyes
e) Marie de France
121. Why did the rebels of 1381 target the church, beheading the archbishop of Canterbury?
a) Their leaders were Lollards, advocating radical religious reform.
b) The common people were still essentially pagan.
c) They believed that writing, a skill largely confined to the clergy, was a form of black magic.
d) The church was among the greatest of oppressive landowners.
e) a and c only
122. Which influential medieval text purported to reveal the secrets of the afterlife?
a) Dante’s Divine Comedy
b) Boccaccio’s Decameron
c) The Dream of the Rood
d) Chaucer’s Legend of Good Women
e) Gower’s Confessio Amantis
123. Who is the author of Piers Plowman?
a) Sir Thomas Malory
b) Margery Kempe
c) Geoffrey Chaucer
d) William Langland
e) Geoffrey of Monmouth
124. What event resulted from the premature death of Henry V?
a) the Battle of Agincourt
b) the Battle of Hastings
c) the Norman Conquest
d) the Black Death
e) the War of the Roses
125. Which literary form, developed in the fifteenth century, personified vices and virtues?
a) the short story
b) the heroic epic
c) the morality play
d) the romance
e) the limerick
126. Which of the following statements about Julian of Norwich is true?
a) She sought unsuccessfully to restore classical paganism.
b) She was a virgin martyr.
c) She is the first known woman writer in the English vernacular.
d) She made pilgrimages to Jerusalem, Rome, and Santiago.
e) She probably never met Margery Kempe.
127. Which of the following authors is considered a devotee to chivalry, as it is personified in Sir
a) Julian of Norwich
b) Margery Kempe
c) William Langland
d) Sir Thomas Malory
e) Geoffrey Chaucer
128.what was the occupation of Chaucer’s father?
a. leather merchant
c. a vintner
129. Chaucer became a page to which king’s daughter-in-law?
a. Edward III
b. Richard II
c. Henry IV
130. which of these is not certain about Chaucer?
a. his birth date
b. his death year
c. his father’s name
131. which of these kings was not served by Chaucer?
a. Edward III
b. Henry II
c. Richard II
132.what was the duration of hundred year’s war?
a.1300 to 1350
b.1337 to 1453
c. 1302 to 1343
133.what did Chaucer’s wife use to do?
a. lady-in-waiting to Queen Philip pa of Hainaut
b. nurse of royal court
c. governess to Henry IV
134.one of Chaucer’s daughter was…………?
a. a musician
b. an astronomer
c. a nun
135. in which year chaucer was imprisoned by the French?
136.chaucer was fined in 1367 or 1366 for…………..?
a. beating a friar in a London street
b. for writing poetry against the church
c. for crossing the border of Great Britain
137. Chaucer was made in-charge of many palaces,which of these was not in his charge?
a. Westminster Palace
b. Tower of London
c. St. George’s chapel at Windsor
d. Buckingham Palace
138. Chaucer acted as a controller of custom during………….?
a. 1374 to 1385
b. 1350 to 1360
c. 1360 to 1400
139. Chaucer was released from legal action by …………………… in a deed of May 1, 1380 from
rape and abduction?
a. Miss Cecily Chaumpaigne
b. Philippa de Roet of Flanders
c. Agnes de Copton
140. Chaucer became a member of Parliament in………..?
141. Chaucer buried in a corner of Westminster, which came to know as………?
a. Chaucer’s corner
b. poet’s corner
c. legend’s corner
142. what was chaucer’s profession?
a. a poet
b. a merchant
c. a civil servant
The Life and Works of Christopher Marlowe
( Elizabethan era)
143)One of Marlowe’s earliest published works was his translation of the epic poem ‘Pharsalia’,
written by which Roman poet?
144) Marlowe’s poem ‘The Passionate Shepherd to His Love’ begins with the line “Come live with
me and be my love”; which other English author wrote a famous poem beginning with this line?
145)In Marlowe’s play, what was the name of the Jew of Malta?
146: How many years of happiness was Dr Faustus promised by the Devil?
147) Which of these Kings was the subject of a play by Marlowe?
148)One of Marlowe’s most famous poems was an account of which lovers?
a)Anthony and Cleopatra
b)Hero and Leander
c)Troilus and Cressida
d)Apollo and Hyacinth
149) Marlowe’s play ‘Tamburlaine the Great’ was based loosely on the life of which Asian ruler?
150)What was the title of the play by Marlowe that portrayed the events surrounding the Saint
Bartholomew’s Day Massacre in 1572?
a)The Massacre at Berlin
b)The Massacre at Rome
c)The Massacre at Copenhagen
d)The Massacre at Paris
151)In the title of Marlowe’s play, of where was Dido the Queen?
152)Christopher Marlowe was England’s first official Poet Laureate.
(It was John Dryden-appointed in 1670)
Dr.Faustus By Christopher Marlowe
153)In what country is ‘Dr Faustus’ based?
154)When, is it estimated, was ‘Dr Faustus’ first performed?
155)At what famous university is Faustus a scholar?
156)Faustus’ servant shares his name with a famous German composer. Who?
157)Faustus asks two magicians to aid him in summoning the devil. What are their names?
a)Valdes and Cornelius
b)Rosencrantz and Guildenstern
c)Troilus and Cressida
d)Pyramus and Thisbe
158)Through his magic, Faustus is visited first by which of the devil’s angels?
159)What does Faustus promise to the devil in exchange for great knowledge, riches and power
for a period of 24 years?
160)Which of the following qualities would most accurately describe Faustus’ character at the
beginning of the play?
161)Which powerful figure does Faustus ridicule with his new-found powers?
b)The Holy Roman Emperor
c)The King of England
d)The King of France
162)At the end of the play, Faustus is dragged down to hell, begging to repent.
163) “Renaissance” is a:
164) What is the meaning of “Renaissance”:
a)Rebirth, revival and re-awaking
b)Reveal, revel and reverie
c)Raillery, renunciation and recoup
165) Renaissance first came to the:
166) Which of the following are University wits:
a)John Gower and Robert Peele
b)John Skelton and Thomas lodge
c)John Lyly and Robert Greene
d)John Donne and Thomas Nashe
167) University Wits were those who:
a)Had training at two universities
b)gave curriculum of two universities
c)Erected two universities
168) Which century is known as Dawn of Renaissance:
d)14 th and 16 th
169) Who born in 1422:
170) Utopia was first printed in:
171) Who translated Utopia in English language:
172) The first complete version of Bible in English language was made by:
173) Who took Degree at fifteen from Cambridge in 1518?
174) Who wrote “Mirror for Magistrates”?
175) Philip Sidney was born on 30th November:
176) “Astrophel and Stella” is a:
177) Greville was biographer of:
c)Sir Philip Sidney
178) “The Prince Of Poets in his time”, on whom grave the inscription is given?
a)Sir Philip Sidney
179) What is Faerie Queene:
180) In whose reign Morality plays began?
b) Elizabeth one
181) Which book Edmund Spenser dedicated to the Philip Sidney:
a)The Faerie Queene
b)The shepheaedes Calendar
d)Colin Clouts come home again
182) Which poet was first who used metaphysical poetry among his contemporaries:
d)Sir Philip Sidney
183) The first regular English comedy, based on the model of the Latin comedy, is attributed to ?
184)Thomas kyd (1558-95) achieved great popularity with which of his first work?
a)The Rare Triumphs of love and fortune
b)The Spanish Tragedy
185)Marlowe born in________
186)In “the tragic history of Doctor Faustus”. Faustus was a :
a) German scholar
186)Who wrote “The Massacre at Paris”?
187)After the death of Christopher Marlowe who completed his unfinished poem “Hero and
188) Who succeeded Lyly?
189) Which of the Marlowe’s plays were written in collaboration with Thomas Nash?
a)Queen of Carthage and The passionate Shepherd.
b)The tragedy of Dido and Queen of Carthage.
c)The passionate Shepherd and The tragedy of Dido.
d)Queen of Carthage and The Massacre of Paris.
190) Who was the son of a rich London merchant and born in 1557?
191) The collection of the papers and correspondence of a well-to-do Norfolk family is known as:
a)Letters to the Margret Paston
b)Margret Paston to John Paston
c)The Paston letters
d)To John Paston
192) Who wrote “Holy Sonnets”
193) Who wrote following lines:
“…….. I am involved in mankind: and therefore never send to know for whom the bell tolls; it
tolls for thee.”
194) “On his blindness”, a collection of sonnets is written by:
d)Sir Philip Sidney
195) “Paradise lost” was lost by:
c)Both a and b
196) In “Paradise regained” who regained the paradise?
c)Adam and Eve
197) Which of the following published in 1579 and although it placed Spencer immediately in the
highest rank of living writers?
a)Colin clouts come home again
b)Faerie queen, first three books
c)The Shepherd’s calendar
d)Faerie queen, second three books
198)Spencer married in June 11, 1594 to ————————————–?
a) Elizabeth Wilton D/O Lord Grey De Wilton
b)Elizabeth Raleigh D/O Walter Raleigh
c)Elizabeth Boyle D/O James Boyle
d)Elizabeth Boyle D/O Richard Boyle
199)John Donne’s “The Anniversaries” is a:
a)An elegy in two parts
b)An epic in three parts
c)A ballad in four parts
d) None of these
200) Who of the following is known as Child Of Renaissance?
201)During Spencer’s visit to his Kinsfolk in Lancashire he felt in love a woman and who figures
as__________________ much of his work:
c)Both a and b
d)None of above
202) William Shakespeare born in:
a)26 April 1567
b)26 April 1566
c)26 April 1565
d)26 April 1564
203) William Shakespeare was……. child of John and Mary:
204) He married to the Anne Hathaway at the age of_______ in______.
205) Which of the following statement is correct:
a)Shakespeare’s first child Susanna was born in 1583.
b)In 1585 twins were born and named Hamnet and Judith.
c) both a and b.
d) None of above.
206)Ann Hathaway was _________ years older than Shakespeare:
207)After __________ years of his marriage he left his native town and try his fortune in the
great city of London.
208)Shakespeare’s only son Hamnet died in————?
209)Shakespeare is buried inside the:
d)None of above
210)By ——– Shakespeare had established himself in London as an actor and dramatist:
211)Who declared him as Britain’s greatest dramatist in 1598?
b)Francis Meres, a lawyer
c)Burbage, an actor
212) Shakespeare made Stratford his regular home in:
b) About 1610
d) About 1608
213)What is Christopher Marlowe’s Nationality?
214)What was the occupation of Christopher Marlowe’s father?
215)From where Christopher Marlowe received his early Education?
e) Corpus Christi College
216)Marlow died of?
217)Which was Marlowe’s first play?
c)The Tragedy of Dido
d)The Jew of Malta,
William Shakespeare(1564 – 1616)
218)In which town was Shakespeare born?
219)How many children did Shakespeare have?
220)How many plays did William Shakespeare write?
221)What was Shakespeare’s first play?
d)Romeo and Juliet
222)How many sonnets did William Shakespeare write?
223)How many photographs exist of William Shakespeare?
224)Shakespeare died on?
a)23rd April 1616
b)25th April 1616,
c)28th April 1616
d)30th April 1616
225)Shakespeare died at the age of
226)How many times suicide occurs in Shakespeare’s plays?
227)The line “To be or not to be” comes from which play?
c)A Midsummer Night’s dream
228) Was the Globe…
a) A Roman Amphitheater.
b) An Elizabethan Theater.
c) An Elizabethan sports stadium.
d) A famous map of the world.
229)Is there is a monument of Shakespeare in Stratford today?
230)Which of these was not one of Shakespeare’s plays?
d)Shakespeare in love
231)Which famous Shakespeare play does the quote,”My salad days, when I was green in
judgment.” come from?
a)Antony and Cleopatra
b)Hamlet, Prince of Denmark
c)The Winters Tale
d)The Merry Wives of Windsor
232)Which famous Shakespeare play does the quote,”Neither a borrower nor a lender be” come
d)Pericles, Prince of Tyre
233)Which famous Shakespeare play does the quote “How sharper than a serpent’s tooth it is to
have a thankless child!” come from?
b)As You Like It
c)The Famous History of the Life of King Henry VIII
d)The Life and Death of King John
234)In what year was the First Folio published?
235)What nationality was Shakespeare?
236)In which century was Shakespeare born?
237)which famous Shakespeare play does the quote “The first thing we do, let’s kill all the
lawyers” come from?
a)The Merry Wives of Windsor
b)Othello, the Moor of Venice
c)Pericles, Prince of Tyre
d)King Henry the Sixth, Part II
238)Which river is associated with Shakespeare’s birth place?
239)Which famous play does the quote,”When shall we three meet again In thunder, lightning,
or in rain?” come from?
a) The Taming of the Shrew
b) King Lear
c) The Tempest
240)How many of Shakespeare’s plays are classified as histories?
241)The group of four plays known as the “major tetralogy” is:
a) Richard III, King John, Henry VIII, 1 Henry VI
b) 1 Henry VI, 2 Henry VI, 3 Henry VI, Richard III
c) King John, Henry V, Richard II, Richard III
d) Richard II, 1 Henry IV, 2 Henry IV, Henry V
242)In 1613 the Globe Theater burned down during a production of which play?
a) King John
b) Richard II
c) Henry VIII
d) Henry V
243)Complete the following famous line from Hamlet: Something is rotten in the state of…
244)Which of the following characters does not appear in Hamlet?
245)Where was Hamlet studying before he returned to Denmark?
246)How are Polonius and Laertes related?
247)What is the name of the playlet Hamlet stages for Claudius?
a) Slings and Arrows
b) Vice of Kings
c) The Murder of Gonzago
d) The Slaying of Lucianus
248)Who says, “Good night, sweet prince,/And flights of angels sing thee to thy rest.”?
249)How does Queen Gertrude die?
a) Accidentally stabbed by Laertes.
b) Drowns in the river outside the castle.
c) Suffers a fatal heart attack while watching Hamlet fight Laertes.
d) Poisoned by drinking from Hamlet’s cup.
250)Who does Polonius send to spy on Laertes in Paris?
251)Who is Voltimand?
a) Ambassador to the King of Norway from the King of Denmark
b) Hamlet’s cousin
c) Ambassador to the King of Denmark from the King of Norway
d) Assassin in the service of Fortinbras
252)What poison does Claudius pour into the ear of Hamlet’s father, causing his death?
253)How many soliloquies does Hamlet deliver?
254)In which country is Macbeth set?
255)Who is traveling with Macbeth when he first encounters the Three Witches?
c) Lady Macbeth
256)At the beginning of the play, the Scots are at war with which country?
257)Macbeth hires assassins to murder Banquo’s son, named…
258)How does Lady Macbeth explain her husband’s wild behavior at the banquet?
a) She tells the guests that Banquo’s ghost is haunting Macbeth.
b) She tells the guests that Macbeth has had too much to drink.
c) She informs the guests that Macbeth is ill.
d) She reveals that Macbeth is overcome with grief over the death of Duncan.
259)Which of the following is not an apparition shown to Macbeth by the Witches:
a) An armed head.
b) A bloody dagger floating in mid-air.
c) A bloody child.
d) A child crowned, with a tree in his hand
260)Who tells Macbeth, “The queen, my lord, is dead.”?
c) The Doctor
261) Shakespeare”s father died in:
262) Shakespeare joined the Chamber lain’s Men Theatrical Company as a:
a) Actor and playwright
b) Playwright and poet
c)Playwright and writer
d)None of above
263) How many from his plays were published in his lifetime:
a) Only sixteen
b) Only seventeen
c) Only eighteen
d) Only nineteen
264) In which year Globe theater got fire and destroyed?
265)Shakespeare dedicated his long narrative poem Venus and Adonis to—————.
a) Henry Wriothesley, the third earl of Southampton
b) Thomas Wriothesley,forth earl of Southampton
c)William Fitzwilliam, first earl of Southampton
d) Henry Wriothesley, the second earl of Southampton
266) During which period London theaterrs remained closed on account of the plague?
267) Which roles have played by Shakespeare in Hamlet and As you like it?
a) Fortinbras, Corin
d) Ghost, Old servant Adam
268) In ……. year Shakespeare bought the largest house in Stratford, called New place:
269) In 1599 which famous actor and his brother Cuthbert set a new playhouse on the Bank side,
called the Globe?
a) Augustine Phillipps
b) John Heimnge
c) Henry Condell
d) Richard Burbage
270) In Shakespeare’s literary output, the period 1604-1608 is the period of:
a) Comedy plays
b) Historical plays
c) Great Tragedies
d) None of above
271) “Under the green wood tree” is a song in:
a) Love’s labour’s lost
b) As you like it
c) A mid Summer night’s dream
d) Much ado about nothing
272) :Triumph, my Britain, thou hast one to show
To whom all scenes of Europe homage owe.
He was not of an age, but for all time”.
Who wrote above lines for Shakespeare:
d) none of above
273) Seven Ages of Man appears in ” As you like it”. Which character’s speech it is?
274) “To be or not to be that is the question”, is famous line of which of Shakespeare’s plays?
275) Following are the lines of:
“I’m your wife if you marry me
If not, I’ll die your maid to be your fellow
You may deny me, but I’ll be your servant Whether you deny or not”.
b) Romeo and Juliet
276) Which of the following are characters of “Much ado about nothing”:
a) Hero, Borachio, Antonio, Claudio, Leonato
b) Hero, Orlando, Antonio, Claudio, Leanato
c) Mirrinda, Borachio, Antonio, Claudio, Leanato
d) Hero, Boradio, Antonio, Claudio, Horatio
277) Which of the following is in correct sequel ?
a)Comedy of errors, A mid summer night’s dream, Much ado about nothing, Henry 6 part three.
b)A mid summer night’s dream,Romeo and Juliet, As you like it, King Lear,Pericles.
c)All’s well that ends well, The tempest, As you like it, As you like it,A mid summer
night’s dream,Much ado about nothing.
d)King Lear, Macbeth, Othello, Measure for measure, Henry 8, Romeo and Juliet.
278)Who was killed by Hamlet unintentionally?
279) Who is second Prince of Arragon in “Much ado about nothing”?
c) Don John
d) Don Pedro
280) Which character spoke following lines?
“What’s Montague? It is nor hand nor foot,
Nor arm nor face, nor any other part
Belonging to a man, O be some other name!
What’s in a name?
That which we call a rose
By any other word would smell as sweet,”
281) Who is the second attending gentlewoman on Hero? Ursula and_________.
282) ” Some born great, some achieve greatness
And some have greatness thrust upon them”.
Above lines are taken from which of following plays?
c) Twelfth night
d) As you like it
283) Which of the following play was written in 1601?
c) King Lear
284) “Antony and Cleopatra” and “Macbeth” was in:
285) Which of the following was written first:
a) Henry six
b) Henry seven
c) Henry five
d) None of above
286) Which of the following are King Lear’s daughters?
a) Desdemona, Goneril and Cordelia
b) Goneril, Ophelia and Regan
c)Goneril, Regan and Cordelia
d) Regan, Cordelia and Beatrice
287) Shakespeare wrote _____ plays?
288) With the accession of King James to the English throne, Lord Chamberlain’s Man was
a) King Lear
c) King’s Man
d) None of above
290) Uneasy lies the head that_____( King Henry four, part two):
a) Wears a crown
b) Wears a hat
c) Wears a wig
d) none of these
291) The epigraph of The Waste Land is borrowed from?
292. Who called ‘The Waste Land ‘a music of ideas’?
(A) Allen Tate
(B) J. C. Ransom
(C) I. A. Richards
(D) F. R Leavis
293. T. S. Eliot has borrowed the term ‘Unreal City’ in the first and third
(B) Irving Babbit
294. Which of the following myths does not figure in The Waste
(B) Grail Legend of Fisher King
295. Joe Gargery is Pip’s?
296. Estella is the daughter of?
(A) Joe Gargery
(B) Abel Magwitch .
(C) Miss Havisham
(D) Bentley Drumnile
297. Which book of John Ruskin influenced Mahatma Gandhi?
(A) Sesame and Lilies
(B) The Seven Lamps of Architecture
(C) Unto This Last
(D) Fors Clavigera
298. Graham Greene’s novels are marked by?
299. One important feature of Jane Austen’s style is?
(A) boisterous humour
(B) humour and pathos
(C) subtlety of irony
(D) stream of consciousness
300. The title of the poem ‘The Second Coming’ is taken from?
(A) The Bible
(B) The Irish mythology
(C) The German mythology
(D) The Greek mythology
301. The main character in Paradise Lost Book I and Book II is?
302. In Sons and Lovers, Paul Morel’s mother’s name is?
303. The twins in Lord of the Flies are?
(A)Ralph and Jack
(B) Simon and Eric
(C) Ralph and Eric
(D) Simon and Jack
304.Mr. Jaggers, in Great Expectations, is a
(D) School teacher
305. What does ‘I’ stand for in the following line?
‘To Carthage then I came’
(C) Smyrna Merchant
306. The following lines are an example……… of image.
‘The river sweats
Oil and tar’
307. Which of the following novels has the sub-title ‘A Novel Without a Hero’?
(A) Vanity Fair
(C) Wuthering Heights
(D) Oliver Twist
308. In ‘Leda and the Swan’, who wooes Leda in guise of a swan?
309. Who invented the term ‘Sprung rhythm’?
310.Who wrote the poem ‘Defence of Lucknow’?
311.Which of the following plays of Shakespeare has an epilogue?
(A) The Tempest
(B) Henry IV, Pt I
(D) Twelfth Night
312. Hamlet’s famous speech ‘To be,or not to be; that is the question’
(A) Act II, Scene I
(B) Act III, Scene III
(C) Act IV, Scene III
(D) Act III, Scene I
313. Identify the character in The Tempest who is referred to as an honest old counselor
314. What is the sub-title of the play Twelfth Night?
(A) Or, What is you Will
(B) Or, What you Will
(C) Or, What you Like It
(D) Or, What you Think
315. Which of the following plays of Shakespeare, according to T. S.
Eliot, is ‘artistic failure’?
(A) The Tempest
(C) Henry IV, Pt I
(D) Twelfth Night
316. Who is Thomas Percy in Henry IV, Pt I?
(A) Earl of Northumberland
(B) Earl of March
(C) Earl of Douglas
(D) Earl of Worcester
317. Paradise Lost was originally written in?
(A) ten books
(B) eleven books
(C) nine books
(D) eight books
318. In Pride and Prejudice, Lydia elopes with?
(C) William Collins
(D) Charles Bingley
319. Who coined the phrase ‘Egotistical Sublime’?
(A) William Wordsworth
(C) S. T. Coleridge
(D) John Keats
320. Who is commonly known as ‘Pip’ in Great Expectations?
(A) Philip Pirrip
(B) Filip Pirip
(D) Philips Pirip
321. The novel The Power and the Glory is set in?
323. Which of the following is Golding’s first novel?
(A) The Inheritors
(B) Lord of the Flies
(C) Pincher Martin
324.Identify the character who is a supporter of Women’s Rights in Sons and Lovers?
(A) Mrs. Morel
(D) Clara Dawes
325. Vanity Fair is a novel by?
(A) Jane Austen
(B) Charles Dickens
(C) W. M. Thackeray
(D) Thomas Hardy
326. Shelley’s Adonais is an elegy on the death of?
327. Which of the following is the first novel of D. H. Lawrence?
(A) The White Peacock
(B) The Trespasser
(C) Sons and Lovers
(D) Women in Love
328. In the poem ‘Tintern Abbey’, ‘dearest friend’ refers to?
329. Who, among the following, is not the second generation of British
330. Which of the following poems of Coleridge is a ballad?
(A) Work Without Hope
(B) Frost at Midnight
(C) The Rime of the Ancient Mariner
(D) Youth and Age
331. Identify the writer who was expelled from Oxford for circulating a pamphlet—
(A) P. B. Shelley
(B) Charles Lamb
332. Keats’s Endymion is dedicated to?
(A) Leigh Hunt
(D) Thomas Chatterton
333. The second series of Essays of Elia by Charles Lamb was published in?
334. Which of the following poets does not belong to the ‘Lake School’?
335.Who, among the following writers, was not educated at Christ’s Hospital School,
(A) Charles Lamb
(B) William Wordsworth
(C) Leigh Hunt
(D) S. T. Coleridge
336. Who derided Hazlitt as one of the members of the ‘Cockney School of Poetry’?
(8) Charles Lamb
(D) T. S. Eliot
337. Tennyson’s poem ‘In Memoriam’was written in memory of?
(A) A. H. Hallam
(B) Edward King
(D) P. B. Shelley
338. Who, among the following, is not connected with the Oxford Movement?
(A) Robert Browning
(B) John Keble
(C) E. B. Pusey
(D) J. H. Newman
339. Identify the work by Swinburne which begins “when the hounds of spring are on winter’s
(B) A Song of Italy
(C) Atalanta in Calydon
(D) Songs before Sunrise
340. Carlyle’s work On Heroes, Hero Worship and the Heroic in History is a course of?
(A) six lectures
(B) five lectures
(C) four lectures
(D) seven lectures
341. Who is praised as a hero by Carlyle in his lecture on the ‘Hero as King’?
342. Identify the work by Ruskin which began as a defence of contemporary landscape artist
(A) The Stones of Venice
(B) The Two Paths
(C) The Seven Lamps of Architecture
(D) Modem Painters
343. The term ‘the Palliser Novels’ is used to describe the political novels of?
(A) Charles Dickens
(B) Anthony Trollope
(C) W. H. White
(D) B. Disraeli
344. Identify the poet, whom Queen Victoria, regarded as the perfect poet of ‘love and loss’—
(D) D. G. Rossetti
345. A verse form using stanza of eight lines, each with eleven syllables, is known as?
(A) Spenserian Stanza
(C) Ottava Rima
(D) Rhyme Royal
346. Identify the writer who first used blank verse in English poetry?
(A) Sir Thomas Wyatt
(B) William Shakespeare
(C) Earl of Surrey
347. The Aesthetic Movement which blossomed during the 1880s was not influenced by?
(A) The Pre-Raphaelites
(D) Matthew Arnold
348. Identify the rhetorical figure used in the following line of Tennyson “Faith un-faithful kept
him falsely true.”
349. W. B. Yeats used the phrase ‘the artifice of eternity’ in his poem?
(A) Sailing to Byzantium
(C) The Second Coming
(D) Leda and the Swan
350. Who is Pip’s friend in London?
(B) Herbert Pocket
(C) Bentley Drummle
351. Who is Mr. Tench in The Power and the Glory?
(A) A teacher
(B) A clerk
(C) A thief
(D) A dentist
352. ‘Brevity is the soul of wit’ is a quotation from?
(B) William Shakespeare
(C) T. S. Eliot
353. “Dost thou think, because thou art virtuous, there shall be no more cakes and ale.” Who
speaks the lines given above in Twelfth Night?
(A) Duke Orsino
(C) Sir Andrew Aguecheek
(D) Sir Toby Belch
354. In Paradise Lost, Book I, Satan is the embodiment of Milton’s?
(A) Sense of injured merit
(B) Hatred of tyranny
(C) Spirit of revolt
(D) All these
355. Who calls poetry “the breadth and finer spirit of all knowledge”?
356. Twelfth Night opens with the speech of?
357. What was the cause of William’s death in Sons and Lovers?
(A) An accident
(B) An overdose of morphia
358. Which poem of Coleridge is an opium dream?
(A) Kubla Khan
(C) The Ancient Mariner
(D) Ode on the Departing Year
359. Which stanza form did Shelley use in his famous poem ‘Ode to the West Wind’?
(A) Rime royal
(B) Ottava rima
(C) Terza rima
(D) Spenserian Stanza
360. The phrase ‘Pathetic fallacy’ is coined by?
(D) John Ruskin
361. Tracts for the Times relates to?
(A) The Oxford Movement
(B) The Pre-Raphaelite Movement
(C) The Romantic Movement
(D) The Symbolist Movement
362. The Chartist Movement sought?
(A) Protection of the political rights of the working class
(B) Recognition of chartered trading companies
(C) Political rights for women
(D) Protection of the political rights of the middle class
363. Who wrote “Biographia Literaria”?
364. Who was “Fortinbras”?
(A) Claudius’s son
(B) Son to the king of Norway
(C) Ophelia’s lover
(D) Hamlet’s Mend
365. How many soliloquies are spoken by Hamlet in the play Hamlet?
366. “The best lack all conviction, while the worst are full of passionate intensity.” The above
lines have been taken from?
(A) The Waste Land
(B) Tintern Abbey
(C) The Second Coming
(D) Prayer for My Daughter
367.William Morel in Sons and Lovers is drawn after?
(A) Lawrence’s father
(B) Lawrence’s brother
(C) Lawrence himself
(D) None of these
368. The most notable characteristic of Keats’ poetry is?
(D) Social reform
369. The key-note of Browning’s philosophy of life is?
370. The title of Carlyle’s ‘Sartor Resartus’ means?
(A) Religious Scripture
(B) Seaside Resort
(C) Tailor Repatched
(D) None of these
371. “Epipsychidion” is composed by?
372. “The better part of valour is discretion” occurs in Shakespeare’s—?
(B) Twelfth Night
(C) The Tempest
(D) Henry IV, Pt I
373. Epic similes are found in which work of John Milton?
(A) Paradise Lost
374. Identify the writer who used a pseudonym, Michael Angelo Titmarsh, for much of his early
(A) Charles Dickens
(B) W. M. Thackeray
(C) Graham Greene
(D) D. H. Lawrence
375. Pride and Prejudice was originally a youthful work entitled?
376. Identify the novel in which the character of Charlotte Lucas figures
(A) Great Expectations
(B) The Power and the Glory
(C) Lord of the Flies
(D) Pride and Prejudice
377 ‘There’s a special providence in the fall of a sparrow.”
The line given above occurs in
(B) Henry IV, Pt I
(C) The Tempest
(D) Twelfth Night
378. Who said that Shakespeare in his comedies has only heroines and no heroes?
(A) Ben Jonson
(B) John Ruskin
(C) Thomas Carlyle
(D) William Hazlitt
379. Sir John Falstaff is one of Shakespeare’s greatest?
(A) comic figures
(B) historical figures
(C) romantic figures
(D) tragic figures
380. That Milton was of the Devil’s party without knowing it, was said by?
381. Who called Shelley ‘a beautiful and ineffectual angel beating in the void his luminous wings
(A) Walter Pater
(B) A. C. Swinburne
(C) Matthew Arnold
(D) T. S. Eliot
382. Essays of Ella are?
(A) full of didactic sermonising
(B) practically autobiographical fragments
(C) remarkable for their aphoristic style
(D) satirical and critical
383. The theme of Tennyson’s Poem ‘The Princess’ is?
(A) Queen Victoria’s coronation
(B) Industrial Revolution
(C) Women’s Education and Rights
(D) Rise of Democracy
384. Thackeray’s “Esmond” is a novel of historical realism capturing the spirit of?
(A) the Medieval age
(B) the Elizabethan age
(C) the age of Queen Anne
(D) the Victorian age
385. Oedipus Complex is?
(A) a kind of physical ailment
(B) a kind of vitamin
(C)a brother’s attraction towards his sister
(D) a son’s attraction towards his mother
386. “My own great religion is a belief in the blood, the flesh as being wiser than the intellect.”
Who wrote this?
(B)D. H. Lawrence
(D) Jane Austen
387 .Shakespeare makes fun of the Puritans in his play?
(A) Twelfth Night
(C) The Tempest
(D) Henry IV,Pt I
388. “The rarer action is in virtue that in vengeance.” This line occurs in?
(B) Henry IV,Pt I
(C) The Tempest
(D) Twelfth Night
389. Jane Austen’s Pride and Prejudice is a?
(A) Picaresque novel
(B) Gothic novel
(C) Domestic novel
(D) Historical novel
390. ‘Heaven lies about us in our infancy’. This line occurs in the poem?
(A) Immortality Ode
(B) Tintern Abbey
(C) The Second Coming
(D) Leda and the Swan
391. Wordsworth calls himself ‘a Worshipper of Nature’ in his
(A) Immortality Ode
(B) Tintern Abbey
(C) The Prelude
(D) The Solitary Reaper
392. When Wordsworth’s ‘Immortality Ode’ was first published in
1802, it had only?
(A) Stanzas I to IV
(B) Stanzas I toV
(C) Stanzas I to VI
(D) Stanzas I to VII
393. Which method of narration has been employed by Dickens in his novel “Great Expectations”?
(A) Direct or epic method
(B) Documentary method
(C) Stream of Consciousness technique
(D) Autobiographical method
394. Who said ‘Keats was a Greek’?
395. D. G. Rossetti was a true literary
396. To which character in Hamlet does the following description apply?
“The tedious wiseacre who meddles his way to his doom.”
46. Browning’s famous poem ‘Rabbi Ben Ezra’ is included in?
(B) Dramatic Idyls
(D) Red Cotton Night-Cap Country
397. S. T. Coleridge was an Associate of?
(A) The Royal Society of Edinburgh
(B) The Royal Society ofLondon
(C) Royal Society of Arts
(D) Royal Society of Literature
398. Which of the following is an unfinished novel by Jane Austen?
(A) Sense and Sensibility
(B) Mansfield Park
399.Why did Miss Havisham remain a spinster throughout her life in “Great Expectations”?
(A) She was poor
(B) She was arrogant
(C) Because she was betrayed by the bridegroom
(D) She was unwilling to marry
400. W. B. Yeats received the Nobel Prize for literature in the year?
401. The Romantic Revival in English Poetry was influenced
(A) French Revolution
(B) Glorious Revolution of1688
(D) Oxford Movement
402. The Pre-Raphaelite poets were mostly indebted to the poets of the?
(A) Puritan movement
(B) Romantic revival
(C) Neo-classical age
(D) Metaphysical school
403. ‘O, you are sick of self-love’ Who is referred to in these
words in Twelfth Night?
(B) Sir Andrew
404. Hamlet is?
(A) an intellectual
(B) a man of action
(C) a passionate lover
(D) an over ambitious man
405. Which of Shakespeare’s characters exclaims; ‘Brave, new, world!’?
406. Paradise Lost shows an influence of?
(B) Pre-Christian theology
(C) Christianity and the Renaissance
(D) Greek nihilism
407. The style of Paradise Lost is?
(A) more Latin than most poems
(B) more spontaneous than thought out
(C) more satirical than spontaneous
(D) more dramatic than lyrical
408. In Pride and Prejudice we initially dislike but later tend to like?
(A) Mr. Bennet
409. Who in Hamlet suggests that one should neither be a lender nor a borrower?
410. Shakespeare’s Henry IV, Pt I contains his?
(A) senecan attitude
(C) love of nature
(D) platonic ideals
Plays by Shakespeare..
411) Which of the following is the earliest comedy of Shakespeare?
a) A mid summer night’s dream
b) Much ado about nothing
c)As you like it
d)Love’s labour’s lost
412) “Twelfth night” is a:
c) Problem play
d) Both a and b
413) Who was villain in Othello?
d) None of above
414) Which of the following are tragedies of Shakespeare?
a) Hamlet, Othello and Troilus and Cressida
b) Coriolanus, Timon of Athens and Titus Andronicus
c) King Lear, Measure for measure and The merchant of Venice
d) Macbeth, Much ado about nothing and Antony and Cleopatra
415) Which of the following tragedy is not written by Shakespeare?
c) King Lear
d) King Oedipus
416) Othello was a :
a) General of England
b)General of Denmark
c) Prince of England
d) Prince of Denmark
417) ————- was father of Desdemona?
418) Othello was sent to fight with:
a) French army
b) German army
d) None of above
419) Desdemona was killed by :
420) Othello gave Desdemona ————- as a token of love:
421) Desdemona was :
a) wife of Othello
b) daughter of Othello
c) both a and b
d) none of above
422) ” A man can die but once” is one of quote of following plays:
a) Henry 6 part three
b) Henry 4 part two
c) Henry 6 part one
d) Henry 4 part one
423) “I have no other but a woman’s reason
I think him so, because I think him so”
Which of Shakespeare’s play contain above lines?
a) The two gentle men of Verona
b) Merry wives of Windsor
c) The noble Kinsman
d) Measure for measure
424)” What piece of work is a man
How noble in reason, how infinite in faculty,
In form and moving how express and admirable
In action! how like an angle
In apprehension! how like a God:
The beauty of the World, the paragon of animals_____
And yet, to me, what is this quintessence of dust?
Above lines are taken from Hamlet’s which act?
a) act 1 scene two
b) act 2 scene two
c) act 3 scene two
d) act 4 scene two
425) Which of the following is Hamlet’s mother?
426) Following are the characters of:
Apemantus, Alcibiades, Flavius, Lucullus, Sempronius
c) Timon of Athens
d) Winter’s tale
427) Who is the heroin of The Tempest?
428) Hamlet consist of ————— acts:
429) Which of Shakespeare’s play is his only play that has never been adopted for film or
a) Taming of the Shrew
b) The two Noble Kinsmen
c) Troilus and Cressida
430) Which of Shakespeare’s play features Sir John Falstaff?
a) The merry wives of Windsor
b) Troilus and Cressida
c) King John
d) Titus Andronicus
431) What was the nickname of Mary I?
b)Mary, Mary Quite Contrary
c)Mary, Queen of Scots
d)None of the Above
432)Who was the sister of Mary I?
433)Who was the father of the previous two? (Questions 1 and 2?)
434)Who was the first Tudor King?
435)What are the beginning and ending dates of the Elizabethan era?
436)Who was the mother of Elizabeth I?
a)Catherine of Aragon
437)In what year did England and Spain fight a famous sea battle?
438)Which relative did Elizabeth I have executed?
c)Mary, Queen of Scots
d)Catherine of Aragon
439)What church did Elizabeth I establish or re-establish by law in England during her reign?
a)The Anglican Church
b)The Roman Catholic Church
d)The Lutheran Church
440) Everyone in Elizabethan England was born into a social class. Peasants were the unluckiest
of the lot: they were denied basic comforts, security, and even the chance to dress well. Yep, the
Statutes of Apparel outlined the clothes one could legally wear based on rank. Which of the
following could the poor wear?
a)Purple silk dresses
441)Marriage was a social obligation, and for many families a topic of obsession. Betrothals were
often arranged by parents, especially for the high-class. What criterion was considered the least
important in deciding upon a suitable match?
442) Elizabethans had many occupational choices. One could become an apothecary, clerk,
physician, or even court jester. Though there seemed to be a myriad of careers to choose from,
most people still ended up being very poor. In order to survive, what illegal activity did a large
number of citizens pursue?
443)Crime was ardently followed by punishment. Elizabethans had devised various ways to fine,
humiliate, torture, and kill offenders. Which crime was punishable by death?
a)Skipping church on Sunday
b)A woman screaming at her husband in public
c)Stealing a horse
444)Religion played a pivotal part in Elizabethan life. Protestants, Catholics, Puritans, and other
religious groups jostled for power and survival in uncertain times. In 1559, an Act of Parliament
was passed which determined the “supreme governor” of all things spiritual. Who was it?
a)The Pope in Rome
b)Each man was his own supreme governor
c)The Archbishop of Canterbury
d)Queen Elizabeth I
445)Elizabethan England was largely rural, with the majority of its population living in the
verdant countryside. Towns and cities, however, were growing–and the most prominent of all
was London. While Londoners were considered wealthy and arrogant, the city was begrimed,
filthy, and infested with vermin. Where did people primarily dispose of their trash and wastes?
a)Dump sites in the nearby country
c)The underground drains
d)Designated “trash” areas
446)Elizabethans were notoriously superstitious. They feared witches, believed in magical
animals, and sought good luck charms. What “science” did they utilize in trying to predict and
control the future?
447)The fine arts flourished in Elizabethan England. William Shakespeare, Christopher Marlowe,
and Edmund Spenser were some of the more famous playwrights and poets of the time. Drama,
music, songs, and art were popular with noblemen and commoners alike. Exploring certain topics,
however, was considered taboo in any art form. What was a strictly forbidden subject?
b)Criticism of the queen
448)Staying alive was a difficult task for Elizabethans. Disease, infection, poverty, childbirth, and
occupational accidents could all result in one’s untimely demise. Most people never reached the
age of fifty. When an Elizabethan died, intricate rituals were followed. What was NOT a funeral
d)Tolling of church bells
449)Which of the following was the Tower of London used for in the Elizabethan age?
(a) As an astronomical observation deck
(b) As a storage place for grain
(c) As a prison
(d) As a school for the royal children
450)Who issued an interdict against Elizabeth?
(a) Pope Pius V
(b) Pope Innocent III
(c) Pope Gregory XIII
(d) Pope Boniface
451) What was Elizabeth’s close circle of advisers called?
(a) The Star Chamber
(c) The Privy Council
(d) The Cabinet
452) Which of the following is a ceremony in which a sovereign is officially crowned?
453)Which country believed it had an “Invincible Armada” before 1588?
(d) The Netherlands
454)What type of non-rhymed poetry did Christopher Marlowe pioneer?
(a) Blank verse
(b) The sonnet
(c) Trochaic Heptameter
(d) Free-flow verse
455)Elizabeth and Mary I belonged to what royal family?
456) Which English king had several of his wives killed in his obsessive quest for a male heir?
(a) Edward VI
(b) Richard III
(c) George III
(d) Henry VIII
457)What religion was Mary I?
458)What religion was Mary Queen of Scots?
459)Which work did Edmund Spenser author?
(a) The Castle of Perseverance
(b) The Double
(c) The Metamorphoses
(d) The Faerie Queene
460)Who succeeded Elizabeth I?
(a) Mary Queen of Scots
(b) Charles I
(c) James I
(d) Edward VI
461)Which of the following was Elizabeth known as?
462)Which language did young Elizabeth learn in secret?
463)Who was Edmund Spenser’s patron?
(a) The Earl of Leicester
(c) Lord Burleigh
(d) Francis Bacon
464)What was a favorite entertainment in Elizabeth’s court?
465)Which of the following disciplines most fascinated Elizabeth?
466)Elizabeth’s reign was longer than that of any other Tudor. When she died at the age of 69 in
1603, how many years had she reigned?
467)What was Elizabeth’s nickname for Sir Walter Raleigh?
468)The complex ranking system that Elizabethans believed ordered every single thing in the
universe was known as:
a)The Great Order of Life
b)The Great Chain of Being
c)The Great System of Shakespeare
d)The Great Sonnet Symbolism Maker
469)A poem that deals in an idealized way with Shepherds and rustic life is known as:
a)A Protestant Poem
b)A Petrarchan Sonnet
c)An extended metaphor
d)A pastoral poem
470)The term for the reaction against corruption in the Catholic Church was known as:
a)The Protestant Revolution
b)The Protestant Reformation
c)The Protestant Restoration
d)The Protestant Resolution
471)What is the name for a shift in tone or meaning of a sonnet
472)In literature, some of Shakespeare’s most powerful plays were written in that period (for
example The Tempest, King Lear, and Macbeth), as well as powerful works by John Webster and
c)Ben Jonson folios
d)English Renaissance theatre
473)What proceeded Jacobean era?
474)The Jacobean era ended with a severe economic depression in 1620–1626, complicated by a
serious outbreak of ________ in London in 1625.
475)The word “Jacobean” is derived from the ________ name Jacob, which is the original form
of the English name James.
a)Samaritan Hebrew language
476)The Jacobean era succeeds the ________ and precedes the Caroline era, and specifically
denotes a style of architecture, visual arts, decorative arts, and literature that is predominant of
477)Jonson was also an important innovator in the specialized literary sub-genre of the
________, which went through an intense development in the Jacobean era.
d)A Midsummer Night’s Dream
478)the first fire-breathing dragon in English literature occurs in which Old English epic poem.
479)What are the beginning and ending dates of the reign of James I ?
480)Famous satiric drama,Volpone,is written by?
a)Sir Walter Scot
481)The foremost poet of Jacobean era was?
482)”The Jacobean Era” refers to a period of time in the early 17th century in which of the
>>>The foremost poets of the Jacobean era, Ben Jonson and John Donne, are regarded as the
originators of two diverse poetic traditions—the Cavalier and the metaphysical.
English Literature(In General)
483) Literary divisions are not always exact, but we draw them because they are often
convenient. The majority of English literary periods are named after:
a)The leading characteristic of the age
b)Monarchs or political events
c)The primary author of the age
d)The language of the age
484)Which period of literature came first?
485)In what language did Shakespeare write?
486)Jane Austen wrote during this period.
487)Which work was published first?
a)Blake’s “Songs of Innocence”
b)Mary Shelley’s “Frankenstein”
c)Lord Byron’s “Don Juan”
d)Sir Walter Scott’s “Ivanhoe”
488)Which of the following works was written before the all-important Battle of Hastings?
c)The Domesday Book
d)Sons and Lovers
489)Who wrote first?
c)Howard, Earl of Surrey
490)Which work was completed last?
a)John Milton’s “Paradise Lost”
b)George Herbert’s “The Temple”
c)William Shakespeare’s “Tempest”
d)Ben Jonson’s “Volpone”
491)One of these men did NOT write during the Restoration period. Who?
c)Sir Walter Scott
492)The Bronte sisters wrote during this period.
493)Which of the following poets wrote during the Victorian period but was not published until
the 20th century?
b)Gerard Manley Hopkins
c)Elizabeth Barret Browning
494)This work was NOT originally published in the 20th Century.
a)Henry James’s “The Ambassadors”
b)Thomas Hardy’s “Tess of the D’Urbervilles”
c)E.M. Forster’s “A Room With A View”
d)Virginia Woolf’s “Mrs. Dalloway”
495)Which poet did NOT write during the 16th century?
c)Sir Thomas Wyatt
496)Historical events often influence literature. Which of the following did NOT occur during the
a)Charles II was restored to the throne
b)The French Revolution
c)The Great Fire of London
d)The Exclusion Bill Crisis
497)He was not a Renaissance writer.
b)Sir Philip Sidney
d)Sir Thomas Malory
498)Which of the following literary sub-periods does NOT fall under the Neoclassical Period?
c)The Augustan Age
d)The Age of Sensibility
499)Which of the following periods of English literature came last?
a)The Elizabethan Age
b)The Commonwealth Period
c)The Jacobean Age
d)The Middle English Period
500)This work was written before the other three choices.
a)Bede’s “An Ecclesiastical History of the English People”
b)Julian of Norwhich’s “Book of Showings”
c)Chaucer’s “Canterbury Tales”
d)Sir Thomas More’s “Utopia”
501)Which of the following writers would be an appropriate subject for a class on “The Literature
of the British Empire”?
d)Any of these
502)World War I affected the writing of many authors. Which of the following poets would not
have been touched by that event?
503)The period of maturation, intellectual growth and social graces during the Renaissance is
B) New Age
504)The most popular French playwright, Jean Baptiste Poquelin, is known as:
505)The first Englishwoman to earn her living as a playwright was:
A) Nell Gwynn
B) Aphra Behn
C) Lady Teazle
D) Ann Hathaway
The Life Of John Milton(Caroline Period-The Renaissance)
506.In which city was Milton?
507. When was John Milton born?
a) 22 April 1600
b) 19 August 1604
c) 6 June 1606
d) 9 December 1608
508. Which school did Milton attend?
509. Milton continued his studies at Cambridge. Which college of the university did he attend?
a) Pembroke College
b) Trinity College
c) Christ’s College
d) St. Xavier’s College
510. Edward King, a minor poet and a contemporary of Milton’s at Cambridge, was drowned at
sea in 1637. Milton wrote an elegy for him. What was the title of this poem?
511. In 1638 and 1639 Milton traveled abroad. In which country did he spend most of the time?
512. How many times did Milton marry?
513. John Milton was 34 when he married Mary Powell. How old was she?
514. Milton was a royalist?
True or False
515. Which of the following works was NOT written by John Milton?
d)’Absolom and Achitophel’
516. In 1634 Milton wrote a masque. What’s the name of that masque?
d)’The Masque of Blackness’
517. Which of these words or usages did Milton NOT coin?
a)Space – used to mean “outer space”
518. Following parliament’s victory in the civil war, Milton was appointed to a position in
Cromwell’s government in 1649. What was his title?
c)Secretary to the Admiralty
d)Secretary for Foreign Tongues
519. As well as poetry, Milton published extensively on politics, philosophy and religion. Which of
the following was NOT one of his works?
a)Of Prelatical Episcopacy
b)The Likeliest Means to Remove Hirelings from the Church
c)Of Practical Exorcisme
d)Doctrine and Discipline of Divorce
520. When did John Milton die?
a) 4 February 1702
b) 2 June 1700
c) 17 April 1688
d) 8 November 1674
521. “Milton, thou should’st be living at this hour. England hath need of thee.” Indeed. But who
was it, summoning his ghost?
a)Horatio Herbert Kitchener
522. The 20th century has been less kind to his memory. TS Eliot found his imagery distracting,
and considered his work “not serious poetry”, but it was another critic who accused him of
“callousness to the intrinsic nature of English”. Who?
Paradise Lost By John Milton
523. When was Paradise Lost published?
524. “Paradise Lost” is considered a:
a) First Person Narrative
525. Satan’s name before he fell from heaven was:
526. ‘Book 1’ of ‘Paradise Lost’ presents Satan with his angels fallen into Hell. When recovered,
Satan awakens all his legions and speaks to them. The first he addresses is described as ‘one
next to himself in power, and next in crime, long after known in Palestine’. What’s the name of
this fallen angel?
527. In ‘Paradise Lost’, which angel is ordered by God to drive Adam and Eve out of Paradise?
Before he does so, he shows Adam a number of visions about the future of the human race,
beginning with Cain murdering Abel and ending with the redemption of mankind through Christ.
Who is this angel that has a large role in the finishing chapters of ‘Paradise Lost’?
528. Milton’s “unholy trinity” of characters includes:
a)Error, Temptation, and Satan
b)Sin, Death and Temptation
c)Sin, Temptation, and Satan
d)Satan, Sin, and Death
529. The battle between God’s army and Satan’s rebels in heaven lasted:
530. In the phrase, “thy seed shall bruise our foe,” the “seed” refers to:
a)The Tree of Knowledge
c)Cane and Abel
531. In the phrase, “thy seed shall bruise our foe,” “thy” refers to:
532. The two archangels who serve as generals in God’s army are:
a)Michael and Gabriel
b)Michael and Raphael
c)Raphael and Gabriel
d)Michael and Lucifer
533. For inspiration in writing the poem, Milton says he depends on:
b)The Holy Spirit
c)His favorite pen
534. Earth is described as being connected to heaven by a:
a)”stepping stones of clouds
535. Sin was born out of Satan’s:
535. Eve before the Fall might best be described as:
b)uncomfortable with Adam
d)a docile, vain creature
536. Throughout the poem, Satan transforms himself into many creatures. Which creature does
Satan not turn into?
537. Who might be considered the friendliest and most sociable of all God’s angels?
538. Everyday before the Fall Adam and Eve went out to work. What did their work consist of?
a)Hunting and gathering food
b)Tending to the Garden of Eden
c)Building shelter to live in
d)Naming all God’s creatures and plants
539. The reason for Satan’s fall might best be described as:
540. The reason for Eve’s fall might best be described as:
541. On the second day of battle in heaven, what does Satan use that surprises God’s forces?
d)The Holy Sepulcher
542. Adam, Satan, and Eve herself are all dazzled by Eve’s:
d)Hard work and spirituality
543. The main reason for Adam’s fall might best be described as:
b)love for Eve
544. When God sees that Adam and Eve have disobeyed him, who does he send to “judge” them
and the snake?
b)The Holy Ghost
545. Inspired by Satan’s victory over man, Sin and Death construct:
a)a bridge from hell to heaven
b)a temple to welcome Satan back
c)a bridge from hell to earth
d)a funnel from Eden to the gates of hell
546. After they have both eaten from the Tree of Knowledge, the first thing Adam and Eve do is:
a)Ask forgiveness from God
b)Put some clothes on
c)Satisfy their sexual desire for each other
d)Blame each other for their Fall
547. The Archangel Michael might best be described as:
a)Jealous and envious
c)Firm and militant
d)Kind and caring
548. When Michael tells Adam what will become of mankind after the Fall, he is actually
narrating stories taken directly from:
a)The New Testament
b)Homer’s epic poems
c)The Hebrew Bible
549. What are the best words to describe the Garden of Eden, the weather, and nature in
general, before the Fall of Adam and Eve?
a)Ordered and rational
c)Wild and unmanageable
550. Which angel does Satan trick by disguising himself as a cherub?
551. In what book does the fall take place?
(A) Book VIII
(B) Book X
(C) Book IX
(D) Book VII
552. In which book of the Bible does the story of Adam and Eve occur?
553. Which devil advocates a renewal of all-out war against God?
554. What is Milton’s stated purpose in Paradise Lost?
(A) To assert his superiority to other poets
(B) To argue against the doctrine of predestination
(C) To justify the ways of God to men
(D) To make his story hard to understand
555. Which of the following is not a character in Paradise Lost?
556. Which angel wields a large sword in the battle and wounds Satan?
(D) Satan is not injured
557. When Satan leaps over the fence into Paradise, what does Milton liken him to?
(A) A snake slithering up a tree
(B) A germ infecting a body
(C) A wolf leaping into a sheep’s pen
(D) A fish leaping out of water
558. Which angel tells Adam about the future in Books XI and XII?
(D) None of the above
559. Which of the following is not found in Hell?
560. Which statement about the Earth is asserted as true in Paradise Lost?
(A) It was created before God the Son
(B) Earth hangs from Heaven by a chain
(C) The Earth is a lotus flower
(D) The Earth revolves around the sun
561. Which devil is the main architect of Pandemonium?
562. How many times does Milton invoke a muse?
563. Which of the following poets does Milton emulate?
(C) Both Virgil and Homer
(D) Neither Virgil or Homer
564. What is the stated subject of Paradise Lost?
(A) The fight between good and evil
(B) Heaven’s battle and Satan’s tragic fall
(C) The creation of the universe
(D) Adam and Eve’s disobedience
565. Which devil is Satan’s second-in-command?
566. Who discusses cosmology and the battle of Heaven with Adam?
567. Which scene happens first chronologically?
(A) Satan and the devils rise up from the lake in Hell
(B) The Son is chosen as God’s second-in-command
(C) God and the Son create the universe
(D) The angels battle in Heaven
568. Which of the angels is considered a hero for arguing against Satan?
569. In an attempt to defeat God and his angels, what do the rebel angels make?
(A) A fortress
(B) A catapult
(C) A large sword
(D) A cannon
570. According to Paradise Lost, which of the following does God not create?
(A) The Son
(B) Adam and Eve
(D) He creates everything
571. Who does Milton name as his heavenly muse?
572. What does Eve do when she first becomes conscious?
(A) Go in search of her mate
(B) Talk to the animals
(C) Look at her reflection in a stream
(D) Eat of the Tree of Knowledge
573.Who is the main protagonist of Paradise Lost?
574.In how many books is Paradise Lost divided?
575.Which is the longest book?
576.In Books I-II, the rebels of Satan build the Pandemonium. What is it?
a)The forbidden fruit
b)The capital of Heaven
c)A beautiful garden
d)The capital of Hell
577.The fruit of which tree were Adam and Eve forbidden to eat?
a)Tree of Life
b)Tree of God
c)Tree of Sin
d)Tree of Knowledge
578.Which is the shortest book?
579.Who was sent to Earth to warn Man of the dangers he was facing?
580.Who was the first to eat the forbidden fruit?
581.Which of the following is not a character in Paradise Lost?
582.What is the name of the sequel to Paradise Lost?
b)Paradise Lost Twice
d)Paradise Lost Again
583.who was the companion of Adam in paradise?
584.Who is “till wand’ring o’er the earth”?
585. Who will fall through his own “fault”?
586.Who “headlong themselves they threw Down from the verge of Heav’n”?
a)Adam and Eve
b)Noah and the elephant
d)Benjamin and Joseph
587. Who pondered, “How such united force of gods, how such As stood like these, could ever
588.Who is described? “For dignity composed and high exploit: But all was false and hollow”
589. When was Paradise Lost published?
590.When was Paradise Regained published?
591.In what country did the Renaissance begin?
592.who is considered as the model of the people during the renaissance?
a.greek and austrian
b.roman and french
c.roman and greek
d.french and greek
593.the word renaissance means
a.the rebirth of learning or knowledge
b.reading of books
c.the time of astronauts
d.the study of art
594.Which of the following techniques was NOT used in the Renaissance art?
595.what sparked the Renaissance?
a.The Feudal system was collapsing
b.the “95 theses”
d.the Black Plague
596.who lost the most power during the renaissance?
d.king and queen of Spain
597.Utopia was written by:
d) Thomas More
598.The Prince was written to gain favor of the:
599.Who translated the New Testament into German for the first time?
c) Martin Luther
d) Alexander VI
600.The “father of humanism” was
d)Pico della Mirandola
601.Renaissance thinkers argued that women should be educated
a)just the same as men
b)with emphasis on science and mathematics
c)not at all
d)confined solely to music, dancing, and knitting
602.An important feature of the Renaissance was an emphasis on
a)alchemy and magic
b)the literature of Greece and Rome
c)chivalry of the Middle Ages
d)the teaching of St. Thomas Acquinas
603.Which was NOT a characteristic of the Renaissance?
a)emphasis on individuality
b)confidence in human rationality
c)the emergence of merchant oligarchies
d)the development of social insurance programs
604.The northern Renaissance differed from the Italian Renaissance
a)growth of religious activity among common people
c)greater appreciation of pagan writers
d)decline in the use of Latin
605.For ordinary women, the Renaissance
a)had very little impact
b)greatly improved the material conditions of their lives
c)worsened their social status
d)allowed them access to education for the first time
606.Thomas More’s Utopia placed the blame for society’s problems on
607. In which century was Piers Plowman written?
608. Geoffrey Chaucer served which king?
609. The 18th century work ‘Tom Jones” was written by whom?
610. In 1905, Virginia Woolf began to write for which publication?
a)The Time’s Literary Supplement
b)The Lady’s Home Journal
611. Joyce’s novel ‘Ulysses’ takes place over what period of time?
612. What was the nationality of Oscar Wilde?
613. Who wrote the poem “Requiem”?
a)Robert Louis Stevenson
614. the prevailing feature of Chaucer’s humour is its
615. who is the first great English critic-poet?
c)Sir Philip Sidney
616. HYMN TO ADVERSITY is a poem by
617. Who wrote the poem ‘The Seven Ages’?
618. who write the story “Story Teller” ?
Restoration and The 18TH Century
619. What happened in 1707 that would forever alter the relationship between England, Wales,
a)the trial and execution of Mary, Queen of Scots
b)the Toleration Act
c)the failed invasion of the Spanish Armada
d)the Bishops’ War
e)the Act of Union
620. Which of the following was a major factor in the unprecedented economic wealth of Great
Britain during the eighteenth century?
a)formal diplomatic relations with China
b)the exploitation of colonial resources, labor, and the slave trade
c)the American and French revolutions
d)the creation of the bourgeois novel as a commodity
e)the union of England and Wales with Scotland
621. What was “restored” in 1660?
a)the monarchy, in the person of Charles II
b)the dominance of the Tory Party
c)the “Book of Common Prayer”
d)toleration of religious dissidents
622. What literary work best captures a sense of the political turmoil, particularly regarding the
issue of religion, just after the Restoration?
a)Gay’s Beggar’s Opera
c)Fielding’s Jonathan Wild
e)Dryden’s Absalom and Achitophel
623. Who was deposed from the English throne in the Glorious, or Bloodless, Revolution in 1688?
d)William and Mary
624. Who became the first “prime minister” of Great Britain in the reign of George II?
a)Henry St. John
625. In the late seventeenth century, a “battle of the books” erupted between which two groups?
a)abolitionists and enthusiasts for slavery
b)round-earthers and flat-earthers
c)the Welsh and the Scots
d)champions of ancient and modern learning
e)Oxfordians and Baconians